Facing others in pain: the effects of empathy (Fragment)

Goubert a,b,*,1, K.D. Craigc, T. Vervoort a,b,2, S. Morleyd, M.J.L. Sullivane, A.C. de C. Williams f, A. Canog, G. Crombeza,b aDepartment of Experimental-Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium bResearch Institute for Psychology & Health, Utrecht, The Netherlands Introduction A wealth of research addresses intra-individual determinants of pain, distress and disability. In contrast, limited…

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Cellular mechanisms underlying the effects of an early experience on cognitive abilities and affective states (Fragment)

Efstathios Garoflos†, Theofanis Panagiotaropoulos†, Stavroula Pondiki†, Antonios Stamatakis†, Eleni Philippidis and Fotini Stylianopoulou* Abstract In the present study we investigated the effects of neonatal handling, an animal model of early experience, on spatial learning and memory, on hippocampal glucocorticoid (GR), mineralocorticoid (MR) and type 1A serotonin (5-HT1A) receptors, as well as brain derived neurotrophic factor…

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The role of the amygdala in human fear: Automatic detection of threat (Fragment)

Arne O¨ hman Psychology Section, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute and Hospital, 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden Summary Behavioral data suggest that fear stimuli automatically activate fear and capture attention. This effect is likely to be mediated by a subcortical brain network centered on the amygdala. Consistent with this view, brain imaging studies show that…

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